Three Categories of Choices while Learning

Three Categories of Choices while Learning

A Learners’ View (ALV) Is Of Choices On The Shortest And Fastest Path To Learning, The Oxygen Of Social Life.

Learning Occurs through Choices. (ALV T-Shirt Wisdom)

Main Page: Categories of Choices while Learning

Theme: Learning occurs through social choices.


LEARNING CONSISTS OF CHOOSING OPTIONS from among 15 generic categories of social actions at the beginning, in the middle of, and at the end of a learners’ path. Each choice has a probability of leading to the criterion for learning a lesson, that is, to solve a problem. Choices of options exist independent from the content or subject matter of the lesson. Grouping of these options appear consistent with results reported by experimental behavioral and social scientists over more than a century.

Category 1: Choices at the Beginning

Options at the beginning of a lesson consist of physical sensations available to learners. These sensations occur from the five physical contacts human have with our physical world:  sight, sound, touch, muscles, etc. Scientists have reported technical descriptions of these phenomena and ways to observe them. Learners choose and use one or more of these options to pay attention (to attend) to something in their environment. Attention begins learning.

Category 2: Choices in the Middle

Options in the middle of learning occur at four levels that form a hierarchy with sensations at its base: Sensate, Problem Solving, Social Integration, and Values and Ethics. Each level relies on physical sensations; without sensations, learning as a social process ones not occur. influences

Category 3: Choices at the End

Options at the end of learning occur by answering one or more of five generic questions to solve a problem: What is it? What is like it? What is it not and not like it (different)? What comes next? What is missing? At least implicitly, educators use these generic questions to form curricula designs and lesson objectives in and out of the common core, as well as to assess learning as in achievement tests and tests of intelligence, creativity, etc.


  1. ALV of Choices during Teaching and Learning
  2. Learning as Making Choices while Learning
  3. Learning as  Solving Five Generic Problems

Related Reading

  1. ALV as a Social Processes
  2. A Learners’ View (ALV) of Learning in One Lesson
  3. Choices Frame an Infrastructure of Learning
  4. Code of Learning
  5. Learning
  6. Learning as a Social Process
  7. Where Learning Occurs

Last Edited: May 26, 2015