Elizabeth Norton reports that dogs can share diseases with people. It's rare, maybe one out of 2,400 people have one of these shared conditions. A new study of golden retriever DNA shows that the same gene is mutated in the dogs and in some people, offering a much-needed clue to one disease's origins. Cropping up lately in golden retrievers, Jack Russell terriers, and Norfolk terriers, are forms of a series of skin disorders collectively known as ichthyosis. Named after the Greek word for fish, the disorders are so rare in people that even the most common forms affect only about one in 2500 individuals. Severe types exist, such as Harlequin ichthyosis (which breaks the skin up into diamond-shaped plates outlined by deep cracks and is usually fatal in the first few days of life). The Dog Genome Project is part of the National Human Genome Research Institute in Bethesda, Maryland. Read More Given the above, I wonder how many medical people know how to identify and treat ichthyosis? And, to what research program the ichthyosis study results refer?